Concussions Essay Example
A concussion is known as a mild shape of disturbing brain injury. This occurs because of a surprising or violent, bump, or shake to the head. Concussions can also arise from a fall or a hit to the skulls that causes the brain to unexpectedly move from side to side. These types of unexpected or violent impacts make the brain boost up inside of the skull. Those actions cause the mind to strike the front and back of the cranium, damaging the sensitive and essential organ. These effects to the brain can lead to short-term or long-term damage to the brain, various symptoms, and if symptoms get worse a trip to the Emergency Room.
A concussion can happen to anyone at any given point in time. Most of the time concussions are found in athletes. About 3.8 million concussions occur each year in the U.S. from sports-related injuries (“Concussion in Athletes''). Whether it be from playing football and tackling someone or playing volleyball and having someone hit the ball on your head, concussions are very common for athletes. When an athlete goes through experiencing a concussion, they will experience certain symptoms. These symptoms are headaches, nausea, blurry vision, dizziness, etc.
When experiencing a concussion, it could go one of two ways. Someone could face short-term memory loss or in some rare cases long-term memory loss. Long-term memory loss is very rare but it does happen. Only about 20 percent of people might suffer from post-concussion syndrome, where they continue to experience symptoms after six weeks (“Concussions: How They Can Affect You Now and Later)”. Long-term memory loss can cause sleep disturbances, depression and other physiological effects, mental problems, irritability, and other personality changes. Although in fact, long-term memory loss is rare, the people who are most affected by this, are the people who constantly get concussions, especially if the proper time for each concussion to heal, is ignored.
The most common effects of concussions are short term memory loss. In most cases, when suffering a concussion and experiencing short term memory loss, the following symptoms can arise. Ringing in your ears, blurred vision, feeling as your brain is foggy and can't seem to process things that are going on around, and delayed response to questions. Short-term effects may be difficult to recognize in children because youngsters may not be able to describe how they feel (“Concussions: How They Can Affect You Now and Later).” The most obvious things to look out for in a child who has just banged their head onto something is unsteady walking and changes in eating and sleeping patterns. When these cases arise and are not resolving on their own, that is a sign to take the child to the doctor, so that they can see what is wrong and can help prescribe a medication that is needed to help the situation not get worse.
After a good forty-eight to seventy-two hours from experiencing concussions, and symptoms still have not decreased, going to the doctor is the next best thing to do. The doctor will check one pupil's size to see if there are any abnormal changes, this is called the special eye test. The “pupil test” is most commonly used by athletic trainers. It’s conducted to assess if any visual changes are related to a concussion. The doctor may look for changes in pupil size, eye movements, and light sensitivities. Next, what most doctors will do is take the patient for an MRI or a CT scan, just to make sure that there is no damage or bleeding in the brain.