Experiential and Transformational Learning Theories Essay Example
The learning process doesn't just exist in school; learning goes deep into our daily lives. We learn when we try to understand our surroundings better or when we grapple with new challenges. Everyone in society needs to be constantly learning to better survive in society. The learning process for adults is not necessarily a lecture mode but may be gained from life and work experiences. In addition, as society changes and individuals change, new situations may arise in which individuals do not adapt, or individuals may change their concepts spontaneously and engage in transformative learning. In this paper, we will briefly discuss the theories and similarities between experiential learning and transformational learning.
Experiential learning is different from the way knowledge is acquired in the classroom and refers to acquiring knowledge through an individual's own observation and experience. In a broad sense, any process of acquiring knowledge from experience can be called experiential learning, including not only the way of acquiring direct knowledge through personal experience but also the way of acquiring indirect knowledge through other means and applying it to the practice of the individual, which is the process of experiential learning. In addition, not all learning from experience is experiential learning. Experiential learning is a process constructed by the learner in interaction with the environment, and it has its own unique characteristics. (David A. Kolb) has constructed a theory of the famous experiential learning method, which has four main elements: Concrete experience, Observation & reflection, Forming abstract concepts, and Practice Application (Testing in new situations). Theoretically, learning begins with an experience, becomes personally meaningful by processing that experience, verifies its authenticity through the application, and moves on to another experience, bringing about another learning cycle. These four stages are continuous and can occur at any time, and anyone experience that arises is not only continuous, but it also affects a future experience. Each stage does not have a single direction; experiences interact continuously so that the occurrence of experiential learning in a variable learning environment ultimately leads to corresponding behaviors in the individual.