How did the Civil Rights Movement affect civil rights and why was it so important?


(I) Introduction:

    The Civil Rights Movement was important because it made discrimination unjust.

    Thesis Statement:

    How did the Civil Rights Movement affect civil rights and why was it so important? It was important, because it made discrimination unjust and made it to where it is no longer tolerated in the United States.

 

(II) Body:

     Main point: Montgomery Bus Boycott.

     a. It started after Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat for a white man to sit in.

     b. She was a NAACP activist for civil rights.

     c. Martin Luther King, Jr. lead the bus boycott for the Black community.

 

     Main Point: "I Have a Dream" speech

     a. Was given by Martin Luther King, Jr. on August 28, 1963 at Washington, D.C.

     b. 20,000 Black people and whites gathered at the Lincoln Memorial to hear this speech.

     c. It calls for desegregation in the United States and it helped get the Civil Rights Amendment passed. 

 

     Main Point: Civil Rights Amendment

     a. It was signed by President Lyndon Johnson in 1964.

     b. It was the "most sweeping civil rights legislation since the Reconstruction."

     c. It prohibits any form of discrimination against anybody.

 

     Main Point: Assassination of Martin Luther King, Jr.

     a. He was assassinated outside of his home by James Ray.

     b. 125 riots broke out after his death.

     c. His death was on April 4, 1986, because that was when he was assassinated.

 

(III) Conclusion:

      Reword Thesis: 

      Discrimination is unjust and should not be tolerated by anyone of any color or ethnic group.

      Decisive factor ideas:

      African Americans should stand up against people who discriminate against them, because they are also human beings, and it is unjust to discriminate people.

 

Research Paper Jacob English II 1/13/21

The Civil Rights Movement was a major movement in discrimination unjust. How did the Civil Rights Movement affect civil rights and why was it so important? It was important, because it made the realization of discrimination unjust and steps would be taken to cease this act of discriminatory unjust.

In 1896, The Supreme Court declared that "separate but equal" laws were constitutional under the ruling of the Plessy v. Ferguson case. However, on May 17, 1954, that ruling was turned over, because of the Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka case. That made "separate but equal" laws unconstitutional. This aided in getting all public schools desegregated. On April 20, 1971, the Supreme Court upholds busing as a legitimate means for achieving integration of public schools with the Swann v. Charlotte-Mecklenburg Board of Education case.

Montgomery Bus Boycott started after Rosa Parks refused to give up her seat for a white man to sit in. She was a NAACP activist for civil rights. Martin Luther King, Jr. led the bus boycott for the Black community. This later made the state of Alabama to desegregate its buses in Montgomery. Student volunteers, or "Freedom Riders," rode on the buses to test if the buses were now desegregated or not. This boycott lasted for a year before the buses were desegregated in Montgomery.

Later, Martin Luther King, Jr. along with two other African Americans, established the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Martin Luther King, Jr. was made the President of the conference. His principles were based on nonviolence and civil disobedience. Martin Luther King, Jr. once said that, "We must forever conduct our struggle on the high plane of dignity and discipline." He was referring to the African American community.

"I Have a Dream" speech was given by Martin Luther King, Jr. on August 28, 1963 at Washington, D.C. Twenty-five hundred thousand Black people, and whites gathered at the Lincoln Memorial to hear this speech. It called for desegregation in the United States and helped to get the Civil Rights Amendment passed. This march was known as the "March on Washington." The Twenty-five hundred thousand people that gathered around the Lincoln Memorial came to support the Civil Rights Movement. 

The "I Have a Dream" speech recalls the Emancipation Proclamation that President Abraham Lincoln signed during the American Civil War. He also said the African Americans are still not free and that they are given insufficient funds to improve their life in any way. The hallowed spot in the United States was created because of the segregation in all the states. He called for people to follow his nonviolent protests to get civil rights.  Also, called for the dire need to get rid of segregation. Martin Luther King, Jr. says that African Americans deserved to have voting rights, because they are citizens of the United States. The speech ends with this: "Free at last. Free at last. Thank God Almighty, we are free at last."

The Civil Rights Amendment was signed by President Lyndon Johnson in 1964. It was the "most sweeping civil rights legislation since the Reconstruction." This Civil Rights Act of 1964 made it to where employers could not discriminate against anybody of race, color, sex, religion, or national origin. He later passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965 that made it possible for African Americans to vote without having to go through the literary tests. The 24th Amendment made the poll tax illegal and it was amended by President John Fitzgerald Kennedy on January 23, 1964.

President Lyndon Johnson signed the Civil Rights Act of 1968 which prohibited the discrimination in the sale, rental, and financing of housing. 

President Harry Truman passed the Executive Order 9981 which states, "It is hereby declared to be the policy of the President that there shall be equality of treatment and opportunity for all persons in the armed services without regard to race, color, religion, and/or national origin." This served to create the Armed services to no longer be segregated.

Martin Luther King, Jr. was assassinated outside of his hotel room by James Earl Ray, who was an escaped convict and committed racist. One hundred twenty-five riots broke out after his death. He died on April 4, 1986.  Martin Luther King, Jr. once said that he feared he would not live to see his fortieth birthday, because of his fight for the African American community. He was assassinated in Memphis, Tennessee on his fortieth birthday. 

Discrimination is unjust and should not be tolerated by anyone of any color or ethnic group. African Americans should stand up against people who discriminate against them because everyone is equal.

 

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