Industrial Revolution in Australia Essay Example
The industrial revolution was a defining moment in Australian history. Beginning in 1750, the period began the transition of mass productions in factories in the United States, Australia, and Britain. The industrial revolution brought in some of the most significant developments and inventions, including the manufacture of wool, coal and iron .With new factories came new jobs, which resulted in a huge migration of people to cities, resulting in poor living conditions for workers, that included children. Still after many years, the industrial revolution continues to have a significant effect on how people live today, both in terms of environmental impact and other relevant factors.
The working conditions during the industrial revolution were unsafe and unsanitary; the majority of workers were children who worked long and demanding hours with little or no time for schooling. In 1871, the number of employees increased by 40% due to the establishment of new factories. Out of these 40% included children, according to Friedrich Engles' book, The Condition Of The Working Class stated “ young workers who have been using themselves up twelve hours in the day, should go to school from eight to ten at night”.
Children were forced to work by their families, earning just 20% (1 shilling) of what adults earned. This resulted in children losing out on their education, despite the fact that night school was created, but the majority of them were too exhausted to attend. More than half of the working class lived near factories in order to have better access to them. Men were getting paid more than women (ten shillings), even though they did the same work. William Blake created the term "dark satanic mills" to describe the deplorable working conditions of British factory workers. It was used to describe the never-ending work and how their lives were cut short due to poverty and diseases spread across the factories.In 1833, a law was passed ensuring that no child under the age of 9 should work in a factory and that you could only work a certain number of hours per day depending on your age; this rule would ensure that children were safe and had time for their education.
After many years the industrial revolution is still a significant event that shaped the world people live in today. Many historical events and ideas such as farming and agricultural revolution as well as mass production took place. Agricultural revolution was brought in because of the high demand of food needed to support Britain's increase in population, it was thought to be a business as farms began growing a large amount of food in order to make profit out of it. The industrial revolution caused many short term effects like having a dramatic increase in population (population increased by 27 million from 1750 to 1900) as well as an increase of people moving into the cities (54% of people lived in cities compared to 17% before). This caused new housing to be created with necessities and cities began to develop into suburbs. Living standards also started to improve with people now being able to afford healthier food because of the agricultural revolution. Long term impacts included environmental problems and deforestation. As scientists tested hair samples of people from the time they realised there was high concentrations of lead and mercury which was caused from the high levels of coal burnt, the same thing is still happening in the modern world with people still being dependent on fossil fuels which come from factories cars ships etc.