The Use of the Scientific Method in Psychology
|📌Published:||07 April 2021|
The scientific method is a method of inquiry that helps us understand nature around and within us. When we talk about “science” as only one way to explain nature, and psychology, in particular, as one way to explain human behavior, what do you think this means? Can you think of other ways that we have used to explain behavior?
The scientific method, what is it? In psychology, what is the scientific approach, and how is it used? The scientific method is a step-by-step procedure that researchers should use to decide if two or more variables have some form of interaction. (Cherry, n. d.) The scientific method consists of a series of steps followed by scientific investigators to answer specific questions about the natural world. It involves making observations, developing a hypothesis, and conducting scientific experiments. The scientific investigation begins with the observing, followed by the formulation of a question on what has been; observed. (Bailey, n. d.)
The steps taken by the scientific method are as follows:
A scientific approach is conducted; through a series of steps to arrive at a decisive outcome of the correct results. Scientists are very peculiar bodies. Scientists don't make assumptions and pass them on to be verifiable. They instead implement stages of action for and against the method for the correct outcome. By this, I mean that to formulate a proper judgment, it takes several steps to prove their hypothesis.
Observation, studying (Watching)
The initial stage of the scientific approach involves the careful eyes of observing critique an object of interest. Usually involved something that you are trying to understand its inclination and or action.
Once the investigation has taken place, a formulation or compilation of a question of the observation. The question should describe what the research is all about. The questioning plays a vital role in the intended reasons to plan or carry out an experiment.
According to the dictionary, a hypothesis, a supposition, or proposed explanation; made based on limited evidence is a starting point for further investigation. The hypothesis exercise is the principal component of the scientific method. Its derivation is a compilation of variances based on (Bailey, n. d.) suggested ideas as an explanation stem from natural occurrences from an example, experiences, or condition that is testable through definable experimentation. It aims to realize if the hypothesis is supported or falsified by the experiment. For example, if exercise help in reducing stress. A relation between exercising and not exercising.
Once a theory has been successful, the scientist then composes and performs an experiment that verifies it. He would have to discriminate between the controlled variables he needs to use to experiment. To arrive at an unbiased inference, he will then have to make comparisons and correlations between controls and independent variables.
The result is the decisiveness of the analysis. The complete specification outlined or graphing the report for references.
In the concluding stage, All the results, collected and are compiled from the experiment. They are then carefully analyzed, and a decision is to reach about the hypothesis. Experimented; support or reject the hypothesis if the hypothesis, was supported great. If not, then the process will have to be repeated. In this case, implementation will need to improve the experiment or an exercise.
Can you think of other ways that we have used to explain behavior?
To understand the authentic effect; of an outcome, a scientist has to perform a series of events to conclude his experiment. Concerning behavioral patterns, a psychologist utilized in this forum. What is the form of science? Any activity requires mostly the management of psychiatry. The psychologists involved are transparent or extrinsic activities and covert or intrinsic behaviors. Explicit, or foreign, behavior, characterized as the actions witnessed by the surrounding people. Everyone's; joke, laugh, or the way they laugh or go were indicators of overt or extrinsic conduct. Everyone runs, drinks, cry or sing, and much more. (Henriques, 2019)
People are using both faiths and desires in daily settings to justify what they are doing. The perception paradigm is the most traditional, intuitive solution. With this frame, we can be adjustable. People rely on common sense, personal experience, and faith, in combination and to varying degrees. Science provides another fascinated way of understanding the world, but it has its limitations, writes David Wheeler. By understanding how scientific conclusions are obtained, we are better equipped; to use science as a tool of knowledge. (Smith, n. d.)
Belief-mechanisms of will are feasible for daily life, but a propper; description, we need a more sophisticated and statistically regulated system. Freudian philosophers claim that conscious beliefs and desires play a small role in perception. Skinners' habits say that we have to get. (Henriques, 2019)
In conclusion, the different schemes in which actions can be explained are by (one) observing the history of one's everyday activity by (2) analyzing individuals persona, which includes (3) mood, (4) personality, (5) tone, (6) body language, and overall behavior. People shift-shape to suit circumstances and situations at times. In other words, they play the form that best accommodates their circumstances. So to apprehend one true self, and life-style it has to be strategically structured and document every aspect of the character. Chart notes of trends. People use a number of strategies to keep track of their everyday tasks. Some use sensory abilities that are used across all forms. Some use experience, as the proverb says, experience teaches wisdom. Some use memory. Some people practice their lives through others good and bad. To effectively study the behavior of an individual, you have to most times roomie with them. Even though, there are characters that are very private.
Bailey, R. (n.d.). Scientific Method. Retrieved February 2, 2021, from Thoughtco.com website: https://www.thoughtco.com/scientific-method-p2-373335
Cherry, K. (n.d.). The scientific method and psychology research. Retrieved February 2, 2021, from Verywellmind.com website: https://www.verywellmind.com/steps-of-the-scientific- method-2795782 drew., C. (2019, April 1). Behaviorism - Skinner’s education learning theory (2021). Retrieved February 2, 2021, from Helpfulprofessor.com website: https://helpfulprofessor.com/behaviorism/
Henriques, G. (2019, January 1). 3 ways to explain human behavior. Psychology Today. Retrieved from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/theory-knowledge/201901/3- ways-explain-human-behavior
Smith, E. I. (n.d.). Thinking like a psychological scientist. Retrieved February 2, 2021, from Nobaproject.com website: https://nobaproject.com/modules/thinking-like-a-psychological-scientist
Zegans, L. S. (2003). Freudian Psychology. In Encyclopedia of the Neurological Sciences (pp. 386–390). Elsevier.